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Happy Commie days


Vladimir Milov ( v_milov ) wrote in demchoice ,
2016 - 10 - 31 16:50:00

the USSR

Thank God the USSR no longer exists

To be honest, I have recently been so annoyed by the talk about how "everything was fine in the Soviet Union" that I decided to just sketch a few points with my own eyes. I lived in the USSR, at the time of the collapse of the Union I was in my third year, in the USSR I already went to the polls to vote and got myself a work book. He graduated from school and entered the institute (Moscow Mining) in 1989, therefore the main points in the text below are naturally related to the issues of choosing a profession, finding a job, settling in life.

So, remember, young people - with all this, the USSR was full of seams. Let's even put down the picturesque empty store shelves and the lack of grub , and discuss these fundamental things that are little talked about. Let's go through the points.

1. The USSR was a country of the worst inequality.

It is surprising to me that today scoop fans everywhere trumpet about the stratification in today's society (indeed, a serious problem that needs to be addressed) as if everyone was "equal" during the scoop. This is the most basic nonsense you can imagine.

The USSR was extremely stratified and, in fact, a caste society. If a society was built on the wreckage of the scoop, where there is a stratification, but at least there are mechanisms for how to break free, get on your feet, earn yourself a normal future, take place, then with the scoop you were completely dependent on who your dad is. "Their children are going crazy because they have nothing more to want" by Grebenshchikov and Shevchuk's Majors Boys are just a drop in the sea of ​​the folklore that existed in the USSR on the topic of that "

Places in the best universities (and, accordingly, the best work in the future) were pre-allocated among the sons and daughters of the "thieves". Ordinary people in this regard did not shine at all. Moreover, I personally was not in the worst position, my dad in the 80s worked as a specialist in the USSR Ministry of Heavy Machinery. However, even I did not have any real prospects for a prestigious study or work - everything was planned in advance for the nomenclature children.

For a narrow circle of nomenclature in the country, real communism was really built. They constantly traveled abroad. Were treated in special hospitals and were examined in special clinics. We bought goods in special distributors and special stores. There were special workshops for them that sewed exclusive clothes for them. For ordinary people, access to all these bins was strictly closed - and it was there that they could get goods and services of acceptable quality. The nomenclature was exempted from queues for the purchase of housing, cars, and moreover, they were supposed to do all this out of turn. I have already spoken about the distribution of places in prestigious universities and prestigious jobs.

In fact, a parallel currency was used for the nomenclature in the country - "Vneshposyltorg checks", which could be purchased in special stores with a wide range of imported (let's call things by their proper names - Western ) products and goods. For ordinary citizens of the USSR, access to these shops was ordered. This is how "real rubles" looked, which ordinary people in life could not get: The


hatred of the rest of the country towards the narrow caste of "thieves" reached such proportions that in the late 1980s it was not difficult for Boris Yeltsin to gain popularity in the fight against privileges. which, in general, helped him to be elected. Well, the lines I quoted above from the texts of famous rock musicians made it possible to assess the scale of the phenomenon.

In general, it can be argued that if you did not belong to a narrow caste of a privileged nomenklatura and you were not lucky to be born in a nomenklatura family, then your whole future Soviet life was a rather dull and hopeless black-and-white film "first they will save up for a refrigerator, then - on the TV ... "(c)" Moscow does not believe in tears ", and then, when everything is bought on the list, it's time for the next world.

2. Normal work in the USSR = horseradish.

To begin with, in the USSR there was a vicious circle rule "no job = you won't get a residence permit, no registration = you won't get a job", which actually completely cut off people who had dropped out of the Soviet career mill from the opportunity to find a normal job in their future life. That's it, once you fell out of this squirrel wheel - and it?s a kapets for you for life, you?ll be like Tsoi as a fireman in a boiler room (do you think he just worked there out of whims ??).

That is, it is now young people from the provinces who abandon everything, come to Moscow or another large city, find cheap housing here and start looking for work. IN THE USSR? Forget it. You couldn't get a normal job without a registration. You could get a residence permit only if one of your relatives lived in a large city. Yes, a certain number of nonresident workers were imported to Moscow "at the limit", but this was a limited number, and there was no free movement of labor as such.

In the USSR, there was such a universal disgusting mechanism as "characteristic"... When you were hired for any job, they demanded it from you, and there were a lot of reasons to get there some kind of a different record that excluded a normal career for you. From "did not give to the boss" to "relatives lived in the occupied territories in 1941-1945" (such a graph was invariably featured in Soviet lenses) - anything could spoil your characteristics forever, and you would never get anywhere in your life. Now you send your resume, go through an interview, get a job, and if you work well, then you are promoted further, etc. It was not so in the USSR - the notorious "characteristic" was a powerful barrier to finding a job, at least for normal, living people, especially those who disliked Soviet power and could get caught somewhere.

In general, those who were not part of the "nomenklatura caste" (see paragraph 1) could count on a maximum of work with a salary of up to 150 rubles per month during their lives. Apart from food and basic clothing, this money could not afford anything . From the word at all.

In addition, such a nasty thing as "distribution" was at work in universities . After graduation, you were forcibly sent for several years to work in your specialty in some "territories of the Far North and areas equated to them", and nothing could be done about it. To give up and refuse - you will get a hell of a testimonial and a white ticket for life. Then you won't get a normal job.

In addition, many cities, including very large ones (for example, Sverdlovsk-Yekaterinburg or Nizhny Novgorod-Gorky), were closed . This meant that you, in fact, could not leave anywhere without permission, even to Moscow. Young people in closed cities had no prospects of mobility at all. And so lived a good half of the country's population.

3. Make money as an entrepreneur or freelance? You're out of your mind.

It is with the collapse of the USSR that such things, without which the younger generation cannot imagine themselves now, became available. And then there were criminal articles - article 162 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR for illegal fishing, article 88 of the Criminal Code of the RSFSR for currency speculation, the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR in 1961 "On strengthening the fight against persons evading socially useful labor and leading an antisocial parasitic lifestyle" (then they took a lot of regular updates of such decrees, especially under the ugly Andropov). Entrepreneurship in the USSR was an illegal criminal offense, freelance work was equated with parasitism and was also punished . And there was really nowhere to "freelance" - private IT firms, etc. simply did not exist and could not exist.

Nevertheless, in the USSR there existed (and felt great) a huge number of speculators and shadow entrepreneurs ("tsekhoviks") who obviously did not care about Soviet laws and did well. This was possible due to the total corruption of the power structures, which covered them and received a corresponding kickback for this. The tip of this iceberg, probably, can be considered the Brezhnev Minister of the Ministry of Internal Affairs Shchelokov, who immediately after Brezhnev's death became a defendant in the largest case of total corruption in the Ministry of Internal Affairs and was removed from all posts.

Here's a characteristic ( from here ):

"The second concert of the group took place on January 28, 1984 at school No. 30 in Moscow. Together with Bravo, the following took part in the concert:" Sounds of Mu "(debut of the group), Viktor Tsoi, Sergey Ryzhenko, experimental duet" Ratskevich & Shumov ". The concert on March 18, 1984 in the Mosenergotechprom House of Culture ended in a scandal. The organizers and participants of the illegal concert were detained by the police and forced to write explanatory notes, since holding underground concerts for money was considered illegal business. Zhanna Aguzarova spent several months under investigation for forging documents (her passport was written out in the name of "Yvonne Anders", under which she performed) and was forced to leave Moscow due to the lack of registration "

(This is about" Bravo "and Aguzarova.)

4. Own housing in the USSR = hell.

In general, this was a very difficult problem for the younger generation (it was not for nothing that Gorbachev, when he came to power, began to promise "each Soviet family a separate apartment by the year 2000" as a key populist slogan). Queues for housing dragged on for decades and were also the subject of hellish folklore, it was really impossible to get an apartment. In fact, you had the prospect of living in a close apartment with your parents for the rest of your life. The average provision of urban residents with living space was 15.7 square meters per person in 1990 - only under Yeltsin it grew to more than 19 square meters in 2000 ( all data here). Cramped living conditions were one of the most difficult problems for a Soviet person - despite the fact that the standard of housing provision in Western countries has long been tens of square meters per person.

5. Social benefits? Forget it.

You've probably heard a lot about "free Soviet medicine" and "free education", but you must remember that it was all of an extremely bad quality. Access to the best hospitals, clinics, universities was open only to the nomenclature, for a normal person, all this was closed, and only non-state institutions with the appropriate quality of services remained. I still remember Soviet medicine with a shudder; in the 1990s, he was unspeakably surprised to see that in our country there can be not only snuffed medical institutions with boorish soldier personnel and antediluvian equipment, but thanks to the reforms, high-quality modern medicine with courteous staff has appeared. Yes, it is not available to everyone, and there is something to work on. However, in Soviet times, this did not happen at all.

Further, beautiful clothes, music, films - none of this happened at all. All wore uniform gray and black clothes. The best Soviet light industry in the world was SOMETHING. Inconvenient, badly sewn, ugly - these are the mildest epithets that can be used to describe the devilry that she produced. To whom the parents brought from Hungary or the GDR some bright element of clothing - caused incredible envy at school / university.

Western films and music were banned altogether. Yes, under Gorbachev, thank God, all this was weakened, but before him it was quite possible for all this, if not to sit down, then at least get a record in the "characteristic" for life, after which you only shone as a fireman.

Restaurants, cafes? Sitting with wifa in a coffee shop over a cup of frappuccino? Forget it. With ordinary income, people could not afford any restaurants and cafes - except very rarely on some holiday. And then, the service staff there was so depraved by their "exclusivity" that ordinary citizens were quickly distinguished and frankly rude to them, turning all these holidays into something extremely unpleasant (this is probably most vividly expressed in the scene in the Astoria restaurant in the film " The meeting place cannot be changed, "where Sharapov, while waiting for Fox, drinks coffee and does not order anything else, and the barmaid then begins to be frankly rude to him, realizing that he has no money). And the food was hellishly tasteless ("Can't they eat delicious food in a restaurant" (c) "Moscow doesn't believe in tears" = the truth).

The attendants in the USSR were generally pzdts pzdts pzdts. "There are many of you, but I am alone" - the classic phrase of the Soviet barmaid - emphasized the permanent superiority of the one who distributes the scarce resource over all the servants in the queue. "No experience in Soviet trade / service sector" - this line in job advertisements that appeared en masse in the early 90s, very accurately reflects the everyday humiliation and rudeness that an ordinary Soviet person had to face every day in many situations of collision with the Soviet service sector.

6. Travel the world = Frak.

Are you out of your mind, what kind of travel around the world. This was only available to the nomenclature and its children. Ordinary citizens were strictly prohibited from traveling abroad; in order to get into any country of the socialist camp (the only one, in fact, relatively massively accessible "near abroad"), it was necessary to go through a bunch of checks for "reliability" and so on. We all looked at the map of the world with undisguised bitterness, realizing that it would never shine for us to see it all (fortunately, life turned out differently - thank you, Boris Nikolaevich).

7. Nothing is allowed, you have to ask permission for everything.

A disgusting feature of the USSR was that the authorities there tried to control literally your every action. Well, that is, for example, it was impossible to use a copier and make a photocopy of even one piece of paper without the permission of the KGB. People were constantly screwed up by their obligatory participation in party political life: party meetings, Komsomol, trade union committee, local committee. If you refuse - figak you in the characterization of "non-participation in public life" (with subsequent problems). "You reduce our performance by your divorces" (c) "Ivan Vasilyevich is changing his profession" - this is exactly how the state and the "public" that served him constantly poked their nose into human life, including personal. Do you subscribe to the Pravda newspaper? How so! Figak to you in the characteristic. And with what money did you buy yourself [insert the necessary] - well, explain yourself to the public? What if it's "unearned income"!

Regarding, for example, communications and the Internet, I am generally silent - I just have a bad idea that the USSR would have allowed the Internet, then the whole structure would then be covered with a big ... copper basin. That is, there were two options: either we would have followed the path of North Korea and the country would not have had the Internet until now, or it would have been allowed, and then the USSR would have ceased to exist well, not in 1991, but maybe a few years later.

8. What, then, do people complain in the end? ...

People of three types complain mainly:

Those who in Soviet times belonged to the "higher caste" and then lost a lot in income, as they turned out to be not competitive in the new system;

Those who were satisfied with a vegetable existence for 80-150 rubles and "if only there was no war";

All sorts of scum who deliberately invent myths about the alleged "advantages" of the scoop for their political purposes (including out of hatred of the modern civilized world).

I personally do not belong to any of them. The reforms made it possible for me to live freely (although freedoms have greatly diminished over the past 17 years), to make a normal living with my initiative and talents, and travel around the world. To regret the scoop, where I would still remain clogged up within the framework of an unjust regulated system that exploited its own citizens, from my point of view, sheer madness.

9. But what about the "millions who died in the 90s from the reforms"? ...

This is all just - the most incredible nonsense, which all the time promoted by the apologists of the scoop. The reforms were difficult, but the rise in mortality in the USSR began long ago, even under Khrushchev-Brezhnev, and in the 90s it just ... stopped. See the official statistics, the numbers can be found on the Rosstat website here . Mortality rate per 1000 population:

1960 - 7.4 people;

1970 - 8.7 people;

1980 - 11.0 people;

1991 - 11.4 people ( almost doubled in 30 years !!! );

1994 - indeed, the peak of this past trend - 15.7 people;

However, since 1995 there has been a decline. The reforms have reversed the trend.

So do not trust any falsifiers. All the boasting that you hear about the USSR today is a lie and nonsense.

UPD . Here are some additional thoughts on the trail of the main counterarguments "but it was also good", "but we were respected", etc.


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